India’s “Big Four” venomous snakes comprise the following species:
- Common Krait
- Saw Scaled Viper
- Indian Cobra or Spectacled Cobra
- Russell’s Viper
We could find over 270 species of snakes in India.
However, from people just about 60 species are poisonous enough to hurt individuals or cause fatalities.
The snake species called the “Big Four” are people responsible for the vast majority of snakebite episodes and for inducing the many human deaths in India.
It is estimated that there are approximately 250000 venomous snake bites annually in India. From those it is projected that roughly 15 to 20 percent of those snake bite victims perish, meaning approximately 35,000 to 50,000 deaths each year.
The Saw-Scaled Viper or Carpet Viper (Echis carinatus) is regarded as one the most competitive snake species on the planet.
The Saw-Scaled Viper is located from the Indian subcontinent at India, Sri Lanka, Pakistan and Bangladesh along with Middle-East Asia and Central Asia.
They belong into the vipers family (Viperidae) and 5 subspecies are recognized. These are rather tiny snakes, their complete length ranges from 30 cm (11 inches) to 65 cm (25 inches).
It is the tiniest of the Big Four snake species, however it’s the quickest strike and it strikes into snack. Even the Saw-Scaled Viper also has a exceptional hazard screen, a”sizzling” warning noise generated by massaging sections of the body collectively.
The Russell’s viper or Indian Russell’s Viper (Daboia russelii) is viper snake species found in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Laos, Myanmar, China, Thailand, Cambodia, and parts of Indonesia.
These snakes are accountable for the large snakebite episodes and deaths from venomous snakes at Asia.
There are two subspecies currently known, Russell’s Viper and Eastern Russell’s Viper though this occasionally is treated as a different species. The term’Daboia’ signifies”concealed” or”lurker” in Hindi. The Russell’s vipers ambush their prey, so its own skin enables it to camouflage and combine with the backdrop.
It’s so powerful that a different snake mimics its overall look, the Rough-Scaled Sand Boa (Gongylophis conicus) colour pattern is like that of Russell’s Viper, though it’s benign as it is a non-venomous snake. A venom is produced by Even the Russell’s Viper using a neurotoxin that influences the nervous system, resulting in paralysis and death.
The Indian Cobra (Naja naja) is a species of this genus Naja from family Elapidae located during the Indian subcontinent Including current India, Nepal, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka.
The species can also be called the Spectacled Cobra, Asian cobra or even Binocellate cobra. On the rear part of their notable and big hood are two ocelli patterns attached by a line that is curved, including spectacles.
The Indian Cobra moderate span is approximately 1.9 meters (6 ft ). These snakes are viewed snake charmers and are admired from culture and the mythology. The species has been protected under the Wildlife Protection Act (1972).
The Shared Krait (Bungarus caeruleus) snake species has been now also an elapid located from the Indian subcontinent. Additionally, it is referred to as krait or the krait.
Their colors include black, blue to brown, or gray, with white stripes prominent to the lower portion of the human body and normal duration of 100 cm using a slim and rounded body.
The Shared Krait feeds chiefly on other snakes, other kraits, however, occasionally kills rodents, lizards, and frogs. Of the’Big Four’ venomous snakes the Krait has become easily the most poisonous its venom is regarded as 15 times more poisonous than that of their cobra.
The American soldiers from Vietnam were able to predict that the”five-step snake” into the Blue Krait (Bungarus candidus) a comparable species not seen in India but also highly poisonous. The title usually means that if you have bitten five steps would be taken by you then die.
The mortality rate is 50 percent with antivenin therapy and 70 or 80 percent without therapy. That’s the reason they’re thought of as among the most deadly snake species on the planet.