Black Bengal goats are the dwarf goats which are a good source of meat, milk, and leather. Majorly seen in northeastern India like West Bengal, Odisha, and also in Bangladesh. Bangladesh has only one goat breed of its own, known as the Black Bengal goat. Their small size is an advantage for many farmers, easy to breed and also requires less feed. Kidding is twice a year and on each kidding the twins and triplets are common.
Black Bengal goat plays a vital role in the lives of small farmers in Bangladesh. Goat farming has reduced poverty and created economic freedom in the lives of many farmers in Bangladesh. They have a very low demand for food and are not fussy grazers, eating most grasses, leaves, and vegetables. For their less expensive maintenance and ability to produce more kids, makes farmers economically viable option.
Table of Contents
Physical characteristics of the Black Bengal goats
- Black Bengal Goats are mostly in black color but sometimes a mix of white, grey and brown can be seen.
- The Goats are small in size (dwarf goat).
- Both male(buck) and female(doe) Black Bengal Goats have small ears and legs.
- Both sexes have short cylindrical horns.
- The bodyweight of an adult Bucks and Does varies from 22-25 kg and 15-18 kg respectively.
- The age at sexual maturity in males and females varied from 6 to 7 months.
- Older bucks and does have beards.
Production characteristics of the Black Bengal goat
The growth rate, milk yield, milk composition and reproductive(kidding) efficiency of Black Bengal goats are high.
1. Growth rate
- The bodyweight of an adult Buck and Doe varies from 22-25 kg and 15-18 kg respectively.
- Wethers (castrated males) weigh typically weigh around 16 kg at one year of age.
- The newborn kid of Black Bengal goat weighs around 800g to 900g on an average.
- The average growth rates of male and female kids were 65g/day and 45g/day
- In just 12 months, the buck can gain around 16kg and doe can gain up to 12kg.
2. Milk yield
- The milk yield ranges from 400ml to 700ml a day.
- The milk of Black Bengal goat is a very tasty and nutritious nature.
- Does with multiple kids produced more milk than those with single kids.
- Milk will be thicker than other goats.
3. Reproductive efficiency(kidding)
- Twinning/Triple kidding Percentage is 80.
- They breed around the year.
- There can be 2 kidding cycles in a year.
- There is a high chance to have 3 to 5 kids a year.
- The age at sexual maturity in males and females varied from 6 to 8 months.
- The average age of the first conception is the 7th month.
- The preweaning kid survival rate is 85%.
Advantages of Black Bengal goat
- The Black Bengal goat’s meat is tastier and always in demand.
- Due to their small size, feed consumption is less.
- They require less space due to their small size. More Goats can be rared in a Goat Shed.
- Black Bengal goats mature sexually quite early, at 6-8 months of age, and breed around the year.
- They are reported to have resistance against common diseases.
- It can reproduce in a very low plane of nutrition and are well adapted to the local environment.
- They kid twice a year or more commonly thrice in two years.
- Meat and skin obtained from the Black Bengal are of excellent quality and fetch high prices.
- Twins and Triplets are common, so more profit in breeding Bengal Goats.
Brief characteristic of Black Bengal goat
|Breed Name||Black Bengal goat|
|Country/Place of Origin||India and Bangladesh|
|Breed Purpose||Milk, Meat, and leather|
|Weight Buck(Male) |
(in one year)
|Kidding||Twins and Triplets are common|
|Milk Yield||400ml – 600ml|
|Good for Stall Fed||Yes|
|Climate Tolerance||All Climates|
Challenges in Black Bengal Goat Farming
As the meat industry is lucrative towards the black Bengal meat. The healthy Buck always gets sold to the market. The fastest-growing males should be used for the breeding purpose, but instead, they get sold to the market first.
Due to this, the Black Bengal Goats are losing their best Bucks. In fact, often the poorest males are used for breeding, leading to negative selection. The quality of kids is going down, common knowledge on the breeding should be given to the farmers. With minimal knowledge on the commercial Goat, farming will increase their income and improve their livelihood.