Commercial Goat Farming Business Plan


Every goat farmer or entrepreneur’s dream is to have a successful Goat farm. Commercial Goat Farming Business Plan should be lean, shouldn’t be complicated. Most of the farmers have a limited budget to start with. So Goat farming should be affordable and scalable at the same time. Let’s focus on small scale Goat farming business here.

For anyone who wants to start the Goat farming business will run the business with limited resources and planning. He will responsible for all the risks and rewards of his business venture. So let’s keep the business plan simple to understand. Keeping budget, resources, and marketing into consideration, let’s sketch out Goat Farming Business Plan.

Commercial Goat Farming Business Plan

Goat farming is profitable as well as a sustainable business. Goats are like ATMs, you can get money anytime. You can sell the kid, the buck or the doe anytime, you will always have a buyer for that. Planning for small scale Goat farm will improve the livelihood of a farmer. Let us discuss on the initial setup of the business:

1. Location and type of enclosure

The location for raising Goats will have a huge impact on the outcome. Location of the Goat shed, will either make your business grow or close. Though Goats are the most adaptable livestock, they do face challenges in certain climatic conditions.  A simple Goat Shed which protects them from rains, severe cold and predators is the first thing required.

  • Roofing: Galvanized Corrugated Roofing sheets, over MS Truss structure
  • Flooring: Slatted Plastic Flooring Installed over FRP support Structures(Non-corrosive) / MS support structures
  • Feed trays: Custom Made Plastic Feed trays with polypropylene sheets
  • Partitions: Using Ms iron Rods  (Bucks, Does and Kids)
  • Under Flooring: Any tin sheets can be used.
  • Height inside: 6 feet high on sides and 9 feet high in the middle across the length for better Ventilation. Bad ventilation is a serious threat to the animals especially when they are in groups. It will reflect on respiratory diseases like pneumonia.
  • Height from Ground: Around 6 feet from the Ground level to the flooring. Cleaning is easy and can expect almost no diseases.
  • Outside Fenced Area: For every 1 square foot covered area, 2 square feet open space should be provided.
  • Always keep your does and bucks separately, as bucks get aggressive when in the rut and near females. If not this encourages unplanned breeding.
  • Keep each breed in a separate enclosure, do not mix the breeds unless you are planning for crossbreeding.
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2. Choosing a Goat Breed

Is your purpose to sell goats for breeding or meat or milk or as pets. Make a decision on what is the commercial purpose. Goats are profitable for any of the above purposes, but choose what works in your area.

There is always a huge demand for goat meat in the national and international markets. Indian goat meat is lean and tasty, which is liked by many Asian countries. Locally many farmers want to develop the breed. So breed development is also a considerable choice. Goat milk has a lot of advantages when compared to cow milk, so even it is picking up the market.

3. Goat Feed Quantity

The quality and quantity of Goat feed determine the health of the Goat. Goats can eat anything and everything that is green. In commercial Goat farming, always good to manage the goat feed. Goats do a waste lot of feed, but spilling out of feed bowl. Once the feed is on the ground and soiled/smell, Goats do not consume them. So managing Goat feed is the primary way to cut down unnecessary expenses.

Goats feed consumption is based on their age and sex. Bucks and pregnant Does consume more feed whereas kids and castrated bucks consume less. Goats to increase their weight, the right amount of fodder with better nutrients should be available. Below are few fodder crops where some are perennial and require low maintenance.

  • Tree fodders like Sesbania trees, Glyricidia,Leucaena leucocephala(subabul). The leaves of Sesbania trees are highly palatable and well-liked by goats.
  • Grass Fodders like Hybrid Napier, Guinea grass, Para Grass, Blue buffel grass.
  • Cereal Fodders like Fodder maize and Fodder sorghum.
  • Legume Fodders like Cowpea, Hedge Lucerne, Lucerne, Stylo, alfalfa.
  • Grains like wheat, maize, Sorghum, Broken rice, Jowar, Soya bean cake, Groundnut cake.
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4. Goat Disease Prevention

a. Stress
Overcrowding, underfeeding, poor transportation methods and management procedures (tail docking, castration, ear-tagging, and shearing) cause stress, which can make animals ill.
Solution: Avoid overcrowding and treat the animals in a relaxed manner. If you are transporting them, make sure they have enough water, and that they are not too hot or too cold. Avoid loading too many animals on one truck.

b. New animals
Buying goats without checking them carefully could bring all kinds of diseases onto your farm.
Solution: Buy from a farmer you can trust and check the animals properly to ensure they are free of diseases. If you’re unsure about what to look for, consult your local animal-health technician or vet.

c. Poor condition
If your goats are in poor condition and if you aren’t feeding them well, they can become sick easily.
Solution: Supplement rations with extra feed during winter and remember that pregnant females need more feed to produce healthy offspring.

d. Dirty surroundings
If goats are kept in a dirty Goat shed, they could wind up drinking water contaminated with droppings. These droppings may contain germs that could make them sick.
Solution: Try to clean out Goat shed always and keep them clean. By following Simple Goat shed design, most of the problems are solved.

5. Maintaining Records

For any business maintaining records place a crucial role. Even in the Goat farming business, maintaining the records on expenditure, medicines, the number of Goats bought, the number of kids born, mortality and profit is a useful practice.

Records always show how the business is progressing. It gives a sense of direction and where the extra efforts needed. Without records the direction is lost, we don’t know if we are making any profit.

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6. Marketing

We are at the end of the Business plan. We have beautiful Goat shed, number of healthy goats and now what. This is the time to sell your Goats. Selling goats is an easy task, but you should sell it at the right price. Middlemen will eat all your profit. You got to take control of selling the goats directly to the consumer or butcher. For this you require marketing.

How to market your Goat? You know you have healthy goats. To reach the end-user, you have to promote by creating a website, making posters or advertise in the local newspaper. Reach out to farmer groups to promote your goats.

Reach a lot of people and farmers, even if they are not interested in Goats. They will get your contacts. Initial 6 months to a year, its challenging job. But once you set up the right contacts, people do come to your farm to buy your Goats.

India is filled with festivals all through the year. There is no social taboo for Goat meat. So every religion can consume meat. There is huge demand during the festival season, but the supply is low. Goats get sold at a higher price during festivals.

All the best for your farming journey.

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