Damascus goats are known by other names such as Damanscence or Shami goat. They originated in Syria and are now distributed all over the world. Damascus goats are used for milk production and meat. Because of their high productivity of milk, more meat and twinning, the breed is expensive.
Damascus is now famous for all the wrong reasons. Due to one of their viral videos, people call it “The World’s Ugliest goat” or “The Goat Monster“. Damascus has a unique skull, scary underbite, a Roman nose, and custom trimmed horns. Interestingly when the whole world calls Damascus ugly, there was goat beauty competition held in Riyadh, where Damascus won the “Most Beautiful Goat” in 2008.
The most prominent features of the Damascus goats include its adaption to high temperatures and suitability for breeding in plain areas (lowlands). As in all economic activities, the goal of goat breeding is to earn profits. In order to increase profitability, it is necessary to increase fertility. The main advantage of Damascus does is it can give birth of two to three kids per kidding.
Table of Contents
- 1 Damascus goat breed characteristics
- 2 Damascus goat reproduction characteristics
- 3 Damascus goat production performance
- 4 Milk production in Damascus goat
- 5 Damascus goat farm management
- 6 Damascus Goat Farming
- 7 Damascus Goat Video
- 8 Brief characteristics of Damascus goat
- 9 Frequently Asked Questions
Damascus goat breed characteristics
- The Damascus goat has a reddish-brown coat color consisting mostly of long hair.
- The Damascus goat has white spots all over the face, body, and legs.
- Damascus goat has a large body size with a Roman-shaped nose.
- Damascus has a disproportionately giant head, vaulted skull, freakishly long neck, flabby skin, and unnerving underbite.
- Damascus goat skull is unique, with the underbite the appearance gives the name – “The Goat Monster“
- The presence of horns in both sexes is associated with inter-sexuality.
- Damascus ear type is pendant measuring between 27 cm and 32 cm in length.
- The height of adult Damascus is 78 cm at withers and 97 cm to 99 cm body circumference.
- The adult Damascus ram weighs 75 kg to 80 kg and the adult female weighs 65 kg to 70 kg.
Damascus goat reproduction characteristics
An increase in goat farm production can be achieved by increasing the number of births and the number of kids at birth. Fertility is the most important yield trait in continuing the lineage, commencing milk production, and providing stock for meat production.
The Damascus goat is considered a seasonal breeder. The breeding season starts in late August and extends through mid-December.
Age at first overt oestrus occurs between 220 and 270 days of age depending on the season of birth of the kids.
The Live weights of Damascus at the age of 250 days are in the range from 42 kg to 54 kg.
The better growth rate allows for the early breeding of kids and the initiation of a productive life at the young age of 13 to 16 months.
The reproductive activity of the goat is restored 45 days following parturition.
Fertility is medium to high.
Kidding efficiency is at 1.80 kids per doe per kidding. Twinning and triplets are common in Damascus.
Damascus goat production performance
The Damascus breed performs at best under the semi-intensive system of production.
Birth weights are high and range from 3.5 kg to 5.5 kg depending on the type of birth and the sex.
Kid carcasses are less fatty than lamb carcasses when they are compared at similar slaughter weights or similar slaughter ages.
The dressing percentage of 120 days old Damascus goat baby is 55% carcass with a fat percentage of at content of 26.8%.
Milk production in Damascus goat
The Damascus goat is considered a dual-purpose animal (meat and milk). It is milked principally the following weaning, but also during the suckling period since a large quantity of milk remains in the udder without being utilized by the suckling kids.
General practice is only two kids are allowed to suckle. The age-old practice of transferring the extra litters to the artificial rearing units.
Damascus goat’s milk is famous among cheese makers and easy to digest
Damascus goat milk is famous and the main source of protein. The milk production per lactation is between 350 kg and 650 kg per goat.
The quantity of milk produced until weaning including that suckled by the kid(s), is 190 kg to 240 kg, depending on the length of the suckling period (35 or 70 days).
Lactation extents from five to nine months following weaning, although lactation of up to a year is not rare.
The fat and protein content of the milk is characteristic for high yielding breeds, ranging from 3.8% to 4.5% for fat and from 4.0% to 4.8% for protein.
The milk production can be increased by including high protein diets.
Machine milking is progressively replacing hand milking.
The practice of twice-daily milking can be interrupted for a few days (mostly weekends) and once-a-day milking does not seriously affect total milk production.
Damascus goat farm management
- Mating is carried out through selected sires and the system used for the identification of parentage relies on a group mating scheme of assigning one male to 25 females.
- Weaning is done only after 45 days.
- Freshwater is available through automatic watering units.
- Following weaning, all kids are transferred to rearing-fattening pens where they are fed on concentrates and barley hay ad libitum until the age of 120 days.
- Sexes are segregated at the age of 120 days and males and females, selected for breeding (replacements), are separated and housed in lots of 25 to 30 animals.
- Feeding is again at will on both concentrates and barley hay.
- By four months of age female kids reach an average weight of 30 kg to 34 kg and males 33 kg to 36 kg.
- All animals selected for breeding at four months of age enter an intensive immunization and veterinary control program.
- The mature (adult) bodyweight of the Damascus does ranges from 60 kg to 80 kg and of the Damascus bucks from 80 kg to 100 kg.
- Young females are introduced to bucks early in pubertal life when they exhibit first oestrus (between 220 and 270 days of age) and continue breeding for an average of six years after which they are sold to other farmers or are utilized for meat.
- Bucks begin their reproductive life at circa nine months of age and remain in the production system for a maximum of two years.
- Related mating and consanguinity are minimized by separating males from females and only allowing mating between related individuals beyond third-degree relatives.
- All goats have milked immediately the following parturition and the first milk (colostrum) is fed to the kids.
- They are subsequently milked for 305 days twice daily unless daily production drops below one kg per day when they are milked once a day.
- A completed lactation is one that lasted 305 days unless they become pregnant in which case they are removed from the milk-producing flock 60 days prior to parturition.
- The feeding system for lactating goats consists of a commercial concentrate feed containing (per tonne finished feed) 350 kg barley, 150 kg corn, 110 kg soybean meal, 30 kg salt and limestone and 10 kg of a vitamin mixture (14% CP), and cereal hay and straw all fed ad libitum until daily milk production drops below 1.5 kg when concentrates are fed based on requirements for milk yield.
Damascus Goat Farming
As in every goat farm, the objective of goat reproducing is to procure benefits. More the number more the profit. Damascus does is can conceive two to three kids per kidding. The most conspicuous highlights of the Damascus goats incorporate its adaption to high temperatures and reasonableness for rearing in plain zones (swamps).
Because of the high pace of weight increase, male goats are utilized for crossing with local goats. It gives exceptionally weighted new conceived kids.
Absolute milk generation, including milk created until weaning, runs between 350 kg and 650 kg for every goat per lactation. Damascus goats are utilized as double reason breeds for milk and meat.
Things to consider before starting a Damascus Goat Farm
1. Purpose Damascus Goat
Damascus goat is a multi-purpose breed. They are used for meat, breeding, milk production and leather.
Due to their fast growth, the Bucks are crossed with local goats. This increases the weight in a short period of time. One more advantage of Damascus goat is their good Twinning percentage.
Damascus goats can produce two to three kids per kidding, which increases the count of Goats in a short period of time. Breeders love Damascus breed due to their fast-growing characteristic and their kidding rate.
Damascus goat milk production at its peak can produce 350 kg and 650 kg of milk per lactation.
2. The housing of Damascus Goat
Damascus Goat housing is the fundamental need for any goat ranch. Damascus Goats are not fastidious about any style of their safe house but rather they do not like wet and cold spots. In addition, wetness causes numerous infections in them, so consistently plan a shed that can keep them warm and dry. On the off chance that you keep your Goats cheerful, they’ll never need to leave the shed which means less inconvenience for you. Suitable Goat house or shed is required for a gainful Damascus Goat cultivating business. The Goathouse ought to shield them from Cold, downpour, wild creatures and furthermore from robbery.
In case you’re making Damascus goat lodging, think about where you will store feed, straw or other sheet material, and other goat-related hardware.
Likewise leave space for feeders and water, which will keep things cleaner and avert squandering of feed. All creatures ought to have the option to eat or drink at one time.
In the event that your goats will approach a great deal of woods, field, and other range regions, you will require 10 to 15 square feet for each goat inside for dozing space. If not, you’ll need around 20 square feet for every goat for resting space and 30 square feet for exercise (in a perfect world, this would be outside).
Every grown-up Damascus goat needs at any rate a 4-foot by 5-foot joking pen, so consider this space in your goat haven relying upon what number of does you will breed at one time. You can have various kids on various occasions in a similar pen on the off chance that you clean and sterilize the pen between kidding.
3. Damascus Goat Feed
A developed Damascus doe or buck requires high support necessities. Extra necessities over those required for body support are required for development, pregnancy, lactation and hair creation. As the efficiency of meat Damascus goats is expanded through determination and crossbreeding with goats having a higher generation potential, healthful prerequisites will likewise increment.
The more beneficial Damascus goats ought to be sustained amazing Goat Feed, particularly weaned children being set up for market, youthful substitution doelings and do in late growth and early lactation. Does nursing twins or triplets have more prominent dietary necessities than does nursing a solitary child.
4. Damascus Goat Breeding
The Damascus goat is viewed as an occasional raiser. The rearing season begins in late August and stretches out through mid-December. Age from the start oestrus happens somewhere in the range of 220 and 270 days of age contingent upon the period of the birth of the children. Live loads at those ages run from 42 kg to 54 kg.
The better development rate takes into account the early rearing of Damascus kids and the commencement of the profitable life at the youthful age of 13 to 16 months. The conception movement of the goat is reestablished 43±9 days following parturition.
High Fertility is the major advantage in Damascus. Kidding proficiency is at 1.80 kids per doe per Kidding.
5. Damascus Goat Vaccination
By and large, Damascus goats are strong and impervious to numerous sicknesses. Nonetheless, when we back a number of goats under one rooftop, there are a ton of opportunities to get Disease assault. Because of inadequate outside air, feed tainting or even because of bacterial contamination. Infection the executives ought to be given a higher need in concentrated cultivating.
Indeed, even the minutest thoughtlessness will spread the infection at a quicker pace. This will lessen the creative potential and furthermore prompts greater mortality which thus makes financial misfortunes the ranchers.
If there should arise an occurrence of a flare-up of infectious ailments, quickly isolate the wiped out creatures from a solid one and take vital illness control measures.
De-worm the goats normally. Analyze the defecation of grown-up goats to distinguish eggs of interior parasites and treat creatures with reasonable medications.
Give perfect and uncontaminated feed and water for limiting the well-being issue. Carefully pursue the prescribed Damascus Goat Vaccination plan.
6. Damascus Goat Marketing
Under the semi-concentrated arrangement of farming, the Damascus breed’s presentation is modestly high. Birth loads are high and range from 3.5 kg to 5.5 kg relying upon the sort of birth and the sex.
Child carcasses are less greasy than sheep remains when they are thought about at comparable butcher loads or comparable butcher ages. The dressing level of child corpses at 55% development is 50.3% (120 days of age) with a lean substance of 55% and a fat substance of 26.8% in the best and neck cuts.
Damascus Goat’s meat is highly valuable during festive seasons. Due to their more meat, it brings any customer to buy them.
Goat meat production resembles most other agrarian endeavors since makers must probably discover as well as build up their very own showcasing channels.
The market ought to be near the ranch.
Various business ranchers had tried endeavors to publicize and promote their goat ranches and the nature of their goats through a few methods. Ranchers had made their very own websites giving subtleties of the homestead and the sort of goats accessible available to be purchased.
A couple of them were giving promotions in the nearby papers, particularly for the clearance of guys during the Eid celebration. The other significant methods of attention and augmentation incorporated the production of leaflets and the association of preparing for nearby ranchers. The ranchers felt that the commercial and attention had expanded their permeability, bringing about expanded interest and better costs for their goats.
Damascus Goat Video
Brief characteristics of Damascus goat
|Breed Name||Damascus goat|
|Other Name||Damanscence goat, Shami goat|
|Country/Place of Origin||Syria|
|Breed Purpose||Dairy and Meat|
|Weight Buck(Male)||75 kg to 80 kg (165 lbs to 175 lbs)|
|Weight Doe(Female)||65 kg to 70 kg (140 lbs to 155 lbs)|
|Kidding||twins are common|
|Milk Yield||2 to 3 liters a day|
|Good for Stall Fed||open grazing and Stall-fed|
|Climate Tolerance||All Climates|
Frequently Asked Questions
What are Damascus goats used for?
Damascus goats used for milk production primarily. The goats are also the main source of meat production in the Middle East countries. But due to their popularity in much-famed goat beauty exhibitions, they are not seen as a usual meat product.
What does a Damascus goat look like?
Damascus goat looks like a Frankenstein goat. The head has a convex bridge, overly expressive eyes, and long ears. The drooping ears and weird skull alone make you think, what kind of goat is it. Little kids will definitely think that Damascus goats are props from a monster movie.
What is the ugliest goat?
The ugliest goat is “Damascus goat”. The odd-looking monster goat what everyone calls is actually much liked and cutest goat from the Middle Eastern countries. The Damascus goat named Qahr won the first prize for the “Most Beautiful Goat” title at the Mazayen al-Maaz competition in Riyadh.
Where do Damascus goats come from?
Damascus goats come from Middle East countries such as Syria, Cyprus, and Lebanon. Damascus goats are called by several names as Halep, Baladi, Damascene, Aleppo, Shami.