Generally, goats are sturdy and resistant to many diseases. However, when we rear the number of goats under one roof, there are a lot of chances to get a Disease attack. Due to insufficient fresh air, feed contamination or even due to bacterial infection. Disease management should be given higher priority in intensive farming.
Even the minutest carelessness will spread the disease at a faster pace. This will reduce the production potential and also leads to more mortality which in turn causes economic losses to the farmers. Below are some of the common diseases in Goat.
Table of Contents
Common Goat Diseases
Common Goat diseases, their symptoms, and the prevention are discussed below. The Symptoms are more self-explanatory if you come across any of these diseases in your goat alert your veterinarian. Some of the below diseases are deadly and also spread fast among other goats, so you should be cautious.
|Anthrax||Sudden fever and death|
Dark color bloody discharge from the natural orifice such as nose, anus, and vagina
|Vaccination once a year in the affected area|
Disposal of carcass either by burying or burning
Don’t open the carcass as the germ spread through the air
|Haemorrhagic Septicemia||Fever, dysentery, swelling of lower mandible and death|
More occurrence in rainy season
|Vaccinate the animal once a year before the onset of the rainy season|
|Brucellosis||Abortion during late pregnancy, infertility, scrotal swelling in male, joint swelling||Disposal of dead fetus and placenta|
Use gloves while handling infected items as it affects human beings
|Enterotoxaemia||Sudden death in young growing kids. Mucous diarrhea may also be seen during death||Vaccinate the animals once a year before the onset of monsoon|
Don’t feed on young grass
|Peste Des Petits Ruminants (PPR)||Fever, Ocular and nasal mucous discharge, mouth lesion, respiratory distress||Yearly vaccination|
Separation of infected one from healthy animals
|Foot and Mouth Disease||Fever, wound lesion in foot and mouth, excess salivary secretion, difficulty in walking||First vaccination at the 3rd month and then once in 4-6 months interval|
|Fluke infection||Emaciation, anemia, edema in the lower jaw||Control of snails, avoid grazing in the early morning and late evening, deworming of animals periodically|
|Tapeworm||Reduced growth, fever, kid mortality||Deworming of animals periodically|
|Roundworm||Fever, anemia, edema in the lower jaw, reduced the growth||deworming of animals periodically|
|Coccidiosis||Blood tinged brownish diarrhea, anemia, kid mortality||Clean house, a spray of 10% ammonia solution, administration of anticoccidial drugs|
Common Vaccinations for Goats
Mostly in goats, 5 major vaccinations are needed to be done. All major vaccines their doses and their repetition schedules are given in the table.
|PPRPeste Des Petits Ruminant||1 ml||4 year||4 year||Above 3 month|
|FMDFoot and Mouth Disease||2 ml||6 month /1 year||1 year||Above 3 month|
|HSHemoregic septicemia||2 ml||1 year||1 year||Above 3 month|
|ETEnterotocimia||2 ml||1 year||21 Days (Buster dose)1 year after Buster||Above 2 month|
|G.POXGoat pox||2 ml||1 year||1 year||Above 3 month|
- The age of goats should be above 3 months for the first vaccination.
- Minimum 21 to 30 days interval is mandatory/compulsory between two vaccines according to veterinary protocols.
- For safety and good results of the vaccine, we should maintain a one-month interval between two vaccines.
Disease Management in Goats
- Be on the alert for signs of illness such as reduced feed intake, fever, abnormal discharge or unusual behavior.
- Consult the nearest veterinary aid center for help if the illness is suspected.
- Protect animals against common diseases.
- In case of an outbreak of contagious diseases, immediately segregate the sick animals from a healthy one and take necessary disease control measures.
- De-worm the animals regularly.
- Examine the feces of adult animals to detect eggs of internal parasites and treat animals with suitable drugs.
- Provide clean and uncontaminated feed and water for minimizing health disorders.
- Strictly follow the recommended vaccine schedule.
Preventing Diseases in Goats
If goats are kept in a dirty kraal, they could wind up drinking water contaminated with droppings. These droppings may contain germs that could make them sick.
Solution: Try to clean out kraals where possible. Remove manure regularly.
If your goats are in poor condition and if you aren’t feeding them well, they can become sick easily.
Solution: Supplement rations with extra feed during winter and remember that pregnant females need more feed to produce healthy offspring.
Overcrowding, underfeeding, poor transportation methods and management procedures (tail docking, castration, ear-tagging, and shearing) cause stress, which can make animals ill.
Solution: Avoid overcrowding and treat the animals in a relaxed manner. If you are transporting them, make sure they have enough water, and that they are not too hot or too cold. Avoid loading too many animals on one truck.
Buying goats without checking them carefully could bring all kinds of diseases onto your farm.
Solution:Buy from a farmer you can trust and check the animals properly to ensure they are free of diseases. If you’re unsure about what to look for, consult your local animal-health technician or vet.