The N’Dama cows are a domestic breed of cattle from West Africa.
They originated from the Guinea highlands, and are found in the Gambia, Mali, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Guinea-Bissau, Nigeria, Sierra Leone and southern Senegal.
N’Dama cattle breed information
The N’Dama cattle are a smaller sized creature with compact body. Their coloration can vary from sand and sometimes spotted, although they are of fawn coloured.
They have short legs and their neck is thick and deep. Their back is broad, well-fleshed and directly from withers to tail head.
They have a muzzle and a mind that is broad and short. Both bulls and cows and their horns usually have horns and a lyre-shape, respectively.
The N’Dama cows possess a badly constructed dewlap and also the umbilical folds can also be poorly developed.
Height of these cows is about 100 cm at shoulder, and about 120 cm for bulls.
Average body weight of these N’Dama cows that are mature differ between 250 and 330 kg. And typical body weight of those bulls range from 320 to 360 kg.
N’Dama cattle breed benefits
N’Dama cattle are dual-purpose animals. They are used for both meat and milk production.
The N’Dama cattle are a really hardy breed of cows and are well adapted for trying humid and dry tropical climates. They are famous for their tolerance.
They are also exceptionally resistant to tick-borne diseases. The cows are not so good milk producers.
They can create just 2 to 3 liters of milk each day for a period of 1 to 8 months.
The breed is also great for beef production. Along with their meat has an excellent taste without much fat.
There are roughly 7 million head of the N’Dama cattle.
They have been said to be the first cattle to be introduced into Africa by people via the land link with Asia.
And they have spread into the west and west of Egypt. The N’Dama cattle are trypanotolerant, allowing them to be stored in tsetse fly-infested locations.
The breed is also referred to by several other names such as N’Dama Petite (Senegal), Mandingo (Liberia), Boenca or even Boyenca (Guinea-Bissau), Malinke, Futa, Fouta Malinke, Fouta Longhorn, Fouta Jallon, etc..
N’Dama cows crossed with Red Poll cattle to make the Senepol cows breed, and afterward were imported to the Caribbean Island of Saint Croix out of Senegal from the 19th century.
Now the breed can be used for both milk and meat production.