The pygmy goat is a popular breed of miniature domestic goat. Kids can easily handle Pygmy goats. Pygmy goats are friendly mellow animals, you can handle them on a leash. Like all goats, they need proper shelter, a balanced diet and some social time.
Raising Pygmy goats is an enjoyable experience, and also profitable. Keeping them as a pet is fun. Because of their small size of shoulder height averaging 15 to 20 inches tall, Kids can have a good time, without hurting themselves.
Raising Pygmy goat for profit, multiple options available. You can sell them as pets, for their milk and meat. The average daily milk yield is 0.9 kg to 2.5kg. The milk yield in a lactation period of 120 to 180 days. Even the meat tastes good.
Pygmy goats get to maturity very early. The age at sexual maturity in males varied from 3 to 4 months. The average age of the first conception is 18 months. To avoid unwanted pregnancy or early pregnancy, by keeping Bucks away from young Does.
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Complete Guide for Raising Pygmy Goats
The Cameroon dwarf goat is a small, sturdy breed that can adapt to any climate. Being miniature, raising them will easier when compared to other goat breeds. Like all other goats, even pygmies are a social animal. They should be with other goats or any farm animals. Kept alone for longer periods, will not do well. Pygmy goat characteristics can be seen here.
Pygmy goat shelter
- For two pygmies a 10ft by 10ft enclosure is more than enough, furnished with benches and hay rack.
- Pygmies are quite hardy and adapt to any climate, but like all goats, even they hate rain and wetness around.
- Have the ability to leap very high, so enclosures must be suitable.
- Fences should be about 4 feet high since Pygmy goats can’t jump higher than that.
- Electric lights should be provided – well out of reach of the goats.
- Access from the shed to a well-fenced area will provide space for exercise and fresh air, both essential for the fun-loving Pygmy Goat.
- Almost all Pygmies respect their boundaries(fence) and browse within the limit.
- Due to their miniature size, pygmies always take a chance to go under the fence. Fences should be tight to the ground, even the small dip can encourage Pygmy to escape.
- Pygmies are preys to many predators, the location of their shelter is to be carefully chosen and should be safe
- Miniature goats get easily scared for unknown reasons.
- Provide for enough straw. The goats need to feel warm during the night.
Pygmy goat feed
- Pygmies are very good browsers, can clear your patch of land within no time.
- A diet of hay and clean drinking water should be supplemented with roughage based feed such as alfalfa or chaff each day.
- Pygmies showed a positive preference for compounds tasting sweet, salty, sour and bitter, which may suggest they find a wider range of plants palatable.
- Vegetables and fruit should be added to their diet.
- Pygmy goat requires very little feed compared to other goats.
- Pygmies love grazing, a small patch of land with full of grass, will keep them happy and content.
- Hay can be considered during the winter season and during night munching.
- Alfalfa hay is high in calcium, which is essential when goats are kidding and producing milk.
- cedar is highly toxic for miniature goats.
- Twice a year, worms should be tested in the fecal matter.
- Once in 2 weeks, check for any lice infection.
- Trimming of hooves for every 3 to 4 weeks is recommended
- Pygmies should be provided with a yellow mineral lick in the goat shed.
- Regular vaccines should be provided once a year, consulting VET is required.
Breeding Pygmy Goats
- The sexual maturity of Pygmy goats is too early – an average of 4 months.
- Breeding them early is too dangerous and should be avoided.
- Always keep young does away from bucks until you are ready for them to breed. Let the Doe reach 18 months.
- Entire male kids should be separated from females at 10-11 weeks of age.
- The kidding cycle is once in around 8 months. There can be 3 kidding cycles for 2 years.
- Does can give birth to 2-4 kids every 9-12 months.
- Kids may be weaned at 12-14 weeks if they are taking a good ration of hay and concentrates.
- Most Does experience a normal birthing will have a kid within an hour of beginning labor.
- Consult Veterinarian if she is not given birth even after 2 hours of pushing.
- Pygmy wethers make excellent and popular pets.
How to Make Money Raising Pygmy Goats
Pygmy goats provide multiple opportunities for making money. Pygmy goats make great pets, provide quality milk and also good meat. Three things to consider before starting a Pygmy goat farm for profit.
1. Buy pygmy goats
- Buy goats from reputable dealers. Not from any other social channels, unless they are reputable.
- Always buy more goats, as they are social animals. Make it a point to buy adult goats from a single dealer.
- Best to buy goats that are used to staying in a pasture all of the time.
2. Identify Target Market
- Pygmy goats have several options to make money.
- Pygmy goats make great pets. Can target market in breed improvement.
- Pygmies give very good milk which has around 4.5 to 11% of fat. Milk stays fresh for a long time. Local bakeries prefer goat milk.
- Pygmy goats meat is also preferred.
- Finally, the fiber is also used in the clothing industry.
3. Promote Pygmy Goat
- If you breed the goats to sell to other people, explain that the investment required to raise pygmies is small compared to other livestock.
- Explain that goat meat is leaner yet marbled, which makes the meat tender.
- If you sell milk, explain how goat milk is easier to digest and doesn’t cause problems for people who suffer allergies