The Natural way of Seed Treatment can be achieved by using Beejamrutham. The purpose of any seed treatment is to improve seed performance in the following ways:
- Improve Germination rates
- Protects germinating seeds and seedlings against soil and seed-borne pathogens.
- Enhances nodulation in legume crops.
- Early germination and uniform growth can be expected.
- Optimize ease of handling and accuracy of planting.
Why should we treat Seeds Chemical free?
When you apply poisonous chemicals for seed treatment, all the useful microorganisms are destroyed. These seeds’ germination rate will be near to 50% to 60%. So it’s no way leverage to purchase the chemically treated seeds.
When these chemically treated seeds germinate, the poison is sucked by the roots and gets deposited in the vegetables/grains/fruits. Indirectly it affects human health upon consumption. Avoid chemicals while treating seeds and also avoid chemically treated seeds that are available commercially. A lot of deadly diseases can be avoided if we go chemical-free.
Also from our farmer’s perspective, we will be paying huge money for chemically treated seeds. Avoid usage of chemicals in any form on your farm.
Types of Seed treatments
Two types of Seed treatments are followed in Natural Farming. Here no chemicals are used while treatment.
Seed Dressing is one of the oldest techniques used by the Natural farmer. Here the farmer treats the seeds in Beejamrutham. The low-cost way of treating seeds.
Seed Pelleting is a process that basically involves clay and other natural supplements coated on the seeds. Usually pelleting is done on small seeds like carrots, onions, flowers, and herbs. Pelleting results in easier, safer for sowing. We can avoid additional labor which is used while thinning. Pelleting also has the additional advantage of absorbing water quickly and helps in improving the germination rate.
How to prepare Beejamrutham?
“Beeja” is Seed and “Amrutham” is the elixir of life. The mixture which improves the Seed life or Seed germination rate is called as Beejamrutham.
Preparation of Beejamrutham for one acre of seeds(Beeja)
- Required 20 liters of water
- 5kg of local desi cow dung
- 5 liters of local desi cow urine
- 50gms of lime
- A handful of soil from the farm
Take a thin cloth to add 5kg of desi cow dung. Hang this cloth inside the 20-liter water drum. Leave it undisturbed for 12 hours.
Take one liter of water and add 50gms of lime(to reduce the acidity) into it. Leave it overnight.
The next day morning, take out the cloth containing cow dung. Squeeze the cloth to remove water from the cow dung mixture.
Now add a handful of the fertile soil into the water solution.
Finally, add 5 liters of desi cow urine and the lime solution to the final mixture. Stir well.
Now Beejamrutham is ready to treat the seeds.
Beejamrutham should be used within 48 hours after preparation.
How seeds are treated by Beejamrutham?
- Spread the seeds on to the cement floor or plastic sheet.
- Sprinkle Beejamrutham on the seeds.
- Rub the seeds by hands (only for monocot seeds, do not rub for dicot seeds)
- Dry the seeds in the shade
- Finally, sow the Beejamrutham treated seeds
Advantages of Beejamrutham
Beejamrutham treated seeds have numerous benefits
- The Beejamrutham treated seed is sown in the soil, the beneficial funguses and bacteria are gathered near the roots and protect the roots from harmful funguses and pathogenic bacteria.
- Beejamrutham purifies the soil around the seed.
- Improves germination rate.
- Beejamrutham has hormones and alkaloids which enhances germination and neutralizes anti germinating chemicals gives protection to the seedlings.
When treating leguminous/dicot seeds like green gram, black gram, beans, cowpea, groundnuts with Beejamrutham, only sink the seeds for few seconds and remove, dry them. Do not rub the leguminous/dicot seeds by hand while treating. The Upper coating may get removed, which reduces germination.
If the seeds are not treated by Beejamrutham, the seeds which pose harmful bacteria and fungus enter the soil with the seed. They start to multiply themselves. If the seed germinates and grows. The harmful bacteria and fungus enter the roots, move unto the whole plant body. Plants are affected by dangerous diseases, these are called seed born diseases.