The Shetland cattle are a multipurpose breed of cattle in the Shetland Isles. They are suitable for meat and milk production and also good for the draft.
The breed is noted due to its usage. The Shetland Isles is located off the northwestern coast of Scotland.
Shetland cattle breed information
The Shetland cattle are currently being used as a meat cows breed in speciality, market markets.
Small scale farms that rely on a large income in the sale keep these cattle. The strain is also kept for care costs for feed.
The Shetland cows are additionally kept by self-sufficient people in Shetland. Although their numbers are extremely tiny.
There are 180 calves on typical born, also 800 registered Shetland cows.
The Shetland cows are extremely beautiful little to medium sized animals with white spots upon black jacket.
They have similarities. Both bulls and cows have horns, and their horns are curved upwards.
The Shetland cows possess a long hairy coat, which protects them. Normal body weight of the bulls change from 550 to 600 kg.
And the cows are usually smaller than the bulls. And normal bodyweight of the cows ranges from 350 to 450 kg.
Shetland cattle temperament
Shetland cows are multipurpose animals. They’re used for draft, meat, and milk. They’re also noted for their use in crofting in Shetland.
The Shetland cattle are smaller in size but quite hardy than most other cattle breeds.
They’re well adapted to the native environment’s climate. They are typically quite strong, diseases and other health problems are less. They’ve grown in size within the moment, and with the debut of other breeds.
The Shetland cattle are acceptable for small farms and also good for meat cattle that are extensive production systems.
They have easy calving benefits and also have a rapid growth rate. The strain is quite suitable for conservation grazing.
History and Conservation
The breed is considered an ancient cows breed by many organizations. Because the Shetland cows back to the Viking Era.
It is believed that the breed arrived between 700 and 1100 AD and have since experienced many other influences (such as cross-breeding with different cattle breeds).
The Shetland cattle were once an important species of creature in Scotland due to their hardiness.
And there they used as draft animal for ploughs and also used for supplying meat and milk, and have been noted for their use in crofting.
Nevertheless, a sharp population decline was experienced by them through the 19th century. There were only an estimated population of 15000 cattle.
Then larger breed was shown to be much more popular than the local crofters, along with the popularity of Shetland cattle diminished.
Presently there are efforts likely to restore the Shetland cattle breed from the United Kingdom, regardless of the rapid decrease in crofting for a living.
These efforts are performed from the Shetland Cattle Breeder’s Association. Like most other cows strains originating from Shetland, the Shetland cows are somewhat smaller than many.
The Shetland cattle are a pretty rare breed of cows now and it’s categorized as at risk by the Rare Breeds Survival Trust in the uk.