Simmental cattle used for meat and milk production. The Simmental cattle are a very old breed of cows, and their history goes back to the Middle Ages.
They’re a breed of cows originating in the valley of the Simme River, in the Bernese Oberland of Switzerland.
They’re distributed throughout the world and widely among the oldest breeds of cows. In addition to being an older breed, the Simmental cows are also quite essential because of its contributor to the development of a number of other famed European cattle breeds.
Notable breeds that have been produced in the Simmental cattle are the Montbeliarde (France), both the Fleckvieh (Germany) as well as also the Razzeta d’Oropa (Italy).
Simmental cattle characteristics
The Simmental cows are big animals with a broad range in coat color.
Their coat color varies from gold to red with white, and might be equally distributed or clearly defined in stains on a white backdrop.
Additionally, they may be based on the sort. Actually their color can change based on country and type.
Head of some cow is white and typically a white ring appears above the shoulders.
Most of the Simmental cows possess pigmentation around the eyes, which helps to reduce eye issues.
They are either horned or polled, and the horns have been upturned in the variety.
How much do Simmental cattle weight?
They have great muscling, their frame is big and they got a heavy dewlap.
The typical height of the bulls is 135-150 cm for those cows, and also all about 150-160 cm.
The bulls on average weight around 1300 kg (2800 lbs) and the normal bodyweight of these cows are approximately 700-900 kg (1500 lbs to 2000 lbs)
Simmental cattle benefits
The Simmental cows are flexible creatures. There are many breed-type variants and every form can be used for a specific purpose. But generally, they’re used for both meat and milk production.
Formerly, the Simmental cattle breed was used as beef, poultry and draught animals.
They are well-known around the world, particularly for the rapid growth rate of the young.
This strain is also known for supplying more joint weaning development and milk yield than every other strains. They are usually docile in temperament as well as the cows have quite superior mothering attributes.
They are quite hardy and will adapt themselves easily to the most varied climatic problems. That’s why today the breed can be found throughout the world.
In contrast to other similar strains, the Simmental cattle have excellent grazing abilities and decent growth prices.
They’re extremely simple to handle and have an excellent feed conversion and efficacy.
Some sort of strain is good for beef production, a few are great for milk, and a few are extremely good for both meat and milk production.
They have been formerly used as draught animals, however, now are mainly being raised for meat and milk production.
Simmental cattle History
The strain is now known by various names in the different areas of the planet. As an instance, in Argentina, it’s called Fleckvieh Simmental, Simmentaler in South Africa and Namibia.
It’s called Simmental in Zimbabwe, Zambia, United States, United Kingdom, Switzerland (SI-division), Sweden, Poland, New Zealand, Mexico, Ireland, France (ancient 1990s name change from Pie Rouge), Denmark, Australia, Canada, Brazil, Colombia, and Bulgaria.
In Uruguay, Switzerland (SF-division), Netherlands, Austria, Germany, and Spain the strain is called Fleckvieh.
The Simmental cows can also be called by other local names depending on the place they’re being increased.
The title of the strain “Simmental” derived from the name of the region where they were initially filmed, the Simme Valley that is located in the Berner Oberland in Switzerland.
Early records indicate that the Simmental cows were really the end result of a cross between big cattle from Germany plus also a smaller breed native to Switzerland.
Though it is an older breed, however, the first herd book was created in the Swiss Canton of Berne in 1806. And at the year of 1890, The Swiss Red and White Spotted Simmental Cattle Association was formed.
Today the breed can be found around the planet, but the majority of them are available in Europe.